en mozambique country page

sustainable fishing in mozambique
fisher in mozambique
why mozambique?
line fishing
of the country’s fish catch is produced by small-scale fishers
fishers along the coast
largest stretch of coastline in Africa with extraordinary fish and habitat diversity
woman sorting fish
of the country's protein per capita comes from fish

Extending over 1,500 miles, a span similar to that between Miami and Maine, Mozambique’s coastline sustains an economy and people dependent on fisheries for jobs and protein. It also contains amazing biodiversity, thought by many experts to be the second most biodiverse spot in the world after the coral triangle. Unfortunately, overfishing and destructive fishing techniques have contributed to declining fish catches and degraded ecosystems.

Fish catch data show landings to be steadily decreasing. Fishers report species that no longer show up in their nets, and overall size of catch is declining. We estimate that overall artisanal catch has now declined nearly 30% since roughly 25 years ago.

Climate change is expected to worsen this issue, as Mozambique’s coasts are particularly vulnerable to cyclones, storm surges and flooding.

Rare and partners, working closely with the Mozambican Ministry of the Sea, Inland Waters and Fisheries, are catalyzing local resource management in order to transform the country’s coastal fisheries and build coastal climate resilience.

the time is now

  • In 2013, the Mozambican parliament passed a law that prioritizes managed access fishing zones as a regulatory approach for sustainable fisheries.
  • Now, the Ministry of the Sea, Inland Waters and Fisheries, through its various institutes, is working to empower local communities to manage their fisheries — an area in which Rare specializes.
  • Rare, the World Bank, and the Mozambican Ministry of the Sea, Inland Waters and Fisheries have formed a partnership. In order to assist local fishing communities in managing their fisheries successfully, Rare will train Ministry of the Sea, Inland Waters and Fisheries’ staff to implement Rare's signature Pride campaigns.

Based upon a global assessment of data limited to fisheries similar to those in Mozambique, we believe its small scale fisheries are over-exploited, but that recovery will be possible and is likely to result in significant biological and economic improvements in the near future.”

Steve Gaines, Dean of the Bren School of Environmental Science & Management at University of California, Santa Barbara

power in partnerships

Rare is partnering with the Ministry of the Sea, Inland Waters and Fisheries and the Institute for Development of Fisheries and Aquaculture (IDEPA) in Mozambique to support and implement managed access and no-take fishing zones, within the new fisheries law. To ramp-up technical capacity for these fisheries, 16 IDEPA staff will work full-time on the project, while many other other IDEPA staff will receive training on fisheries management and social marketing techniques.

why this matters

Fish in the fight against food insecurity

Healthy oceans play a critical role not only with respect to biodiversity, ecosystem health and climate regulation, but also in overcoming poverty and food insecurity in the developing world. Our estimates indicate a growing human population and declining fish supply will result in a 70% decrease in protein availability by 2030 as compared to 1995.

If we achieve scale, compared to a “business as usual” scenario, we can increase fisher income by a factor of four, bring about a fivefold increase in fisher households that rise above the poverty line, and double the number of fish-based meals per month.  Read more >

how we will succeed

in the first three years of the program

  • Implement prototype projects in six sites that establish sustainable local management of fisheries through managed access areas and no-take fishing zones.
  • Increase fish biomass and improve ecosystem health within no-take fishing zones at project sites.
  • Buffer against climate change impacts by enhancing the social cohesion of coastal fishing communities and the ecological resilience of their coastal habitats.
  • Increase food security and social benefits for the coastal communities in our sites.

follow our journey

Adelino Silane

Anuar Amade

Edmundo A. Q. Pinto

Honório dos Santos

Inês Mahumane

Isidro Intave

Adelino Silane

Anuar Amade

Edmundo A. Q. Pinto

Honório dos Santos

Inês Mahumane

Isidro Intave


rare in the news

Agrilinks Blog Series: Fishing and Food Security

Vanishing Fish Create a Very Human Toll 
June 8, 2016

A Reversible Trend, at Least for Now
June 30, 2016

In Behavior Change, a Solution for Fish and Fishers Alike 
July 11, 2016

connect with the team

Rua Tenente General Oswaldo Tazama, No. 723