Extending over 1,500 miles, a span similar to that between Miami and Maine, Mozambique’s coastline sustains an economy and people dependent on fisheries for jobs and protein. It also contains amazing biodiversity, thought by many experts to be the second most biodiverse spot in the world after the coral triangle. Unfortunately, overfishing and destructive fishing techniques have contributed to declining fish catches and degraded ecosystems.
Fish catch data show landings to be steadily decreasing. Fishers report species that no longer show up in their nets, and overall size of catch is declining. We estimate that overall artisanal catch has now declined nearly 30% since roughly 25 years ago.
Climate change is expected to worsen this issue, as Mozambique’s coasts are particularly vulnerable to cyclones, storm surges and flooding.
Rare and partners, working closely with the Mozambican Ministry of the Sea, Inland Waters and Fisheries, are catalyzing local resource management in order to transform the country’s coastal fisheries and build coastal climate resilience.